The city was quickly rebuilt and shortly prospered again, like commerce in Britain, and changed Colchester as the capital of Roman Britain. Nonetheless, there is no such thing as a information to this point and clarify the transfer of the capital. Towards the second century, town was walled: the Wall of London. For over a millennium, the city boundaries have been marked by the wall that bounded space now largely subsumed by that of the City. At its peak in the third century, the population of Londinium reached forty five 000 to 60 000 people in accordance with sources. When the Roman Empire began to decline, the troops defending the city had been recalled on the continent, London has also began to decline and its inhabitants dwindled. There's little information about this period referred to as Dark Ages of London ("The Darkish Ages of London"), however after the departure of the Romans from Britain in 410, it is widely established that the fifth century, London was in ruins and nearly abandoned.
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However the privileged place of the city on the Thames has always been a strategic place and about the year 600, the Anglo-Saxons established a new City Lundenwic about 1 km upstream of the Roman City, the place Covent Backyard is now. There was probably a fishing port and trade on the mouth of the River Fleet. Lundenwic flourished till 851 when the city was invaded and completely destroyed by the Vikings. After the Viking occupation, the new English King Alfred the Nice brought peace and strikes the town inside the walls of the outdated Roman City (then referred to as Lundenburgh). The original City became Ealdwic ("old town"), whose name has survived until immediately to Aldwych.